Stem Cells Therapy

Most human tissues do not regenerate spontaneously, explaining why “regenerative medicine engineering” represents today promising alternative treatments. The principle is simple: cells are collected and introduced with or without modification of their biological properties into the injured tissue or in a porous 3D material where they are maintained in an environment in which physicochemical and mechanical parameters are kept stable. After reaching their maturity, these tissues or cells can be grafted. Among the main middle-term therapeutic applications, cardiac insufficiency, blood vessels, osteoarthritis, diabetes, liver diseases, bladder, skin, etc., could be considered. This concept of regenerative medicine is an emerging multidisciplinary field involving medicine, biology, chemistry, mechanics and engineering to revolutionize the way “to improve the health and quality of life by restoring, maintaining or enhancing tissue and organs functions”.

However, speculations over the implications of stem cells and their applications are likely to be wide of the mark. Many of the private practitioners are claiming to attain a complete miracle after stem cells treatment. It is very important to understand the difference between the possibility, feasibility and efficacy.

Currently Bone Marrow and Adipose tissues are known to be the most accessible, potent and approved sources available. This can be easily exploited for treating variety of diseases.

Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) have received much attention during the las two decades, at first because of their regeneration capacity to treat a broad range of human diseases.

More recently, MSCs have been isolated from many other tissues including adipose tissue, umbilical cord blood, umbilical cord Wharton´s jelly, synovial membrane and tooth pulp.

Actually the most common uses of Stem Cell Therapy are to help patients who suffer from a variety of orthopaedic conditions, including arthritis, spinal disc degeneration, tendinitis and torn ligaments. It is possible to heal and restore tissues that are partially damaged or torn, but until now, Stem Cells cannot create totally new tissue in a body part where none exists or existed previously. We cannot grow a new meniscus in the knee if the patient´s meniscus is totally worn away.